India has rich and diverse flora and fauna in the world as 8% of the world’s biodiversity is located here. A heartless reality of the country’s rapid development comes to biological species. It is extremely annoying that animal species are now on the verge of extinction. In India we can find 2546 species of fish, 198 species of amphibians, 423 species of mammals and 408 species of reptiles. Some of the wild animals found in India include royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, leopard, Asian black bear, rhinoceros, hyena, Asian lion, wild dog, golden jackal and many more.
There is a need to conserve these beautiful animal species in India as their numbers may decline in the coming years. For this, a special area has been prepared to feed the growth of these beautiful animals. National parks and nature reserves serve the above purpose. Protection, recreation and conservation of animals by national parks is a necessity. And to protect animals, animal shelters are maintained. They are managed by the government and rangers ensure that animals are not harassed, poached or hunted.
Every year, 22 May is celebrated as the International Day for Biological Diversity. As India has a wide range of flora and fauna, nature reserves and national parks in India have attracted many tourists from all over the world. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), India has 543 nature reserves and more than 166 national parks. Wildlife Hideaway is also known as Wildlife Sanctuary. There are 50 tiger reserves under Project Tiger in Category VI conservation areas as Bengal tigers are the most protective of other species in India. Animal shelter sites like Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala are a natural habitat for tigers and elephants, Kaziranga National Park for rhinos and Govind Wildlife Sanctuary give a beautiful glimpse of snow leopards.
National parks and wildlife shelters on Indian soil provide great benefits. Because humans are a threat to wildlife in India, enclosed national parks and wildlife shelters keep species out of harm’s way. Due to buildings, not only animals, but also mountains, ghats, mounds etc. will disappear. Therefore, it also preserves the landscape. Tribes also live in national parks and nature reserves and it protects the culture of indigenous people. These places offer visitors a great place to entertain and relax.
Animal stock has dotted the Indian landscape with rich and vibrant animal species and has created a history of how gentle life is adopted and nurtured in India.